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          Fire

          NIST's fire research develops, verifies and utilizes measurements and predictive methods to quantify the behavior of fire and means to reduce the impact of fire on people, property and the environment.

          Fire testing may have started some 2.5 million years ago when one of our ancestors stuck his hand into the first?flame and “scientifically” determined that the temperature was too hot to bear. Since that primitive beginning, humans have been on an unending quest to understand, measure and exploit the behavior of fire—and most importantly, to improve our ability to protect life and property from its ravages. Fire testing at NIST, a staple of the agency’s research since the early 1900s, has helped provide much of the data, insights and knowledge demanded by that pursuit. Research has run covered everything from fire safety engineering and fire fighting to fire investigation and fire testing to fire data management?and intentional burning.

          How NIST Captures Great Fire Video Footage

          Built to House an Inferno

          Ariel view of National Fire Research Facility
          Credit: NIST
          Aerial view of National Fire Research Facility
          The National Fire Research Laboratory aims to make buildings better and safer. Learn more about how it came about and what makes it unique in this feature story.

          News and Updates

          Industry Impacts

          Firefighter Protective Equipment

          Firefighters rely on self-contained breathing apparatuses (SCBA) to protect them from dangerous heat and toxic smoke. NIST research helped to improve industry

          Commercial Building Fire Protection

          Commercial buildings are over-engineered for fire protection, leading to billions of dollars in waste with little benefit to occupant safety. NIST leads

          Projects and Programs

          Publications

          Role of Firebrand Combustion in Large Outdoor Fire Spread

          Author(s)
          Samuel L. Manzello, Sayaka Suzuki, Michael Gollner, A C. Fernandez-Pello
          Large outdoor fires are an increasing danger to the built environment. Wildfires that spread into com- munities, labeled as Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) fires

          Software

          BIRDS

          Building Industry Reporting and Design for Sustainability (BIRDS) Building stakeholders need practical metrics, data, and tools to support decisions related

          LoopDA

          LoopDA is a natural ventilation design tool developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Version 3.0 is an update to the original version 1

          Tools and Instruments

          Cone Calorimeter

          In the late 1970s and early 1980s the fire community was pushing for reliable bench-scale tools to measure material flammability based on heat release rate. A

          Fire Emulator/Detector Evaluator

          The fire emulator/detector evaluator (FE/DE) is a computer-controlled flow tunnel used to re-create the environments surrounding detectors in the early stages

          Radiative Gasification Apparatus

          This apparatus, developed at EL, determines gasification rate (mass loss rate) of a horizontally oriented specimen exposed in a nitrogen environment to a

          Awards

          秋霞理论在一l级