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          Chemistry

          From the food we eat and the pharmaceuticals doctors prescribe to the paints and fuel additives we use, the NIST develops the technology, measurement methods and standards to address the needs of the chemical industry.

          International Year of the Periodic Table

          The periodic table
          Credit: N. Hanacek/NIST

          Did you know that 2019 was declared the International Year of the Periodic Table by the United Nations General Assembly? It also happens to be the table's 150th anniversary.

          Learn more about how NIST is helping celebrate.

          NIST and the Nobel: Dan Shechtman

          Illustration portrait of Dan Shechtman (transparent background)
          Credit: Alex Fine/NIST
          Dan Shechtman received the 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering crystal structures previously unknown to science: quasicrystals.

          Quasicrystals have transformed scientists’ understanding of how matter can arrange itself and opened scientists’ minds to a whole new class of materials that can exist. At NIST, Shechtman worked on identifying new materials that could be useful to industry, as part of NIST’s mission under the U.S. Department of Commerce. His study, sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, was designed to develop aluminum-transition metal alloys for aerospace applications. In the process, he made a discovery that revolutionized scientific thinking.?

          Learn more about Shechtman's Nobel Prize-winning work.

          News and Updates

          Industry Impacts

          Automotive Refrigerant Design

          Traditional auto air conditioning refrigerants have high global warming potentials, but finding better refrigerants with the right properties has been a major

          Chemical Manufacturing Process Design

          Chemical plants need access to consistent, reliable data to design their products and assess the safety, quality and efficiency of their manufacturing processes

          Publications

          Stability of gaseous volatile organic compounds contained in gas cylinders with different internal wall treatments

          Author(s)
          George C. Rhoderick, Christina E. Cecelski, Walter R. Miller Jr., David Worton, Sergi Moreno, Paul Brewer, Joele Viallon, Faraz Idrees, Philippe Moussay, Yong D. Kim, Dal H. Kim, Sangil Lee, Annarita Baldan, Jianrong Li
          Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a group of gas-phase compounds present in the atmosphere that affect air quality and Earth?s climate. Halocarbons, a

          Awards

          John Lehman Receives Rabinow Award

          The Jacob Rabinow Applied Research Award, first presented in 1975, is granted for outstanding achievements in the practical application of...

          2011 AAAS Fellow - Cedric Powell

          The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world's largest general scientific society, has elected Cedric Powell of...
          秋霞理论在一l级